chapati recipe

Authentic Chapati Recipe – Simple & Traditional

Are you craving the warm and comforting taste of homemade chapati? Look no further! In this article, we will share an authentic chapati recipe that is both simple to make and true to its Indian roots. With just a few basic ingredients and easy-to-follow instructions, you’ll be able to recreate this traditional unleavened flatbread in your own kitchen.

What is the Difference Between Chapati and Roti?

While chapati and roti are both unleavened Indian flatbreads made with similar ingredients, they have some key differences. Roti is cooked without any fats and is puffed, while a chapati may or may not puff and is always cooked with fats on a tawa (griddle).

Additionally, roti is never layered, whereas chapati can be layered like a paratha. The term “chapati” is derived from the Hindi word “chapat,” meaning “slap” or “flat,” referring to the traditional method of shaping chapati.

To summarize the differences:

Puffed during cookingMay or may not puffYes
Cooked with fatsYesNo
Layered like a parathaYesNo

Next, let’s delve into the ingredients needed to make delicious chapatis at home.

Ingredients for Chapati Recipe

When it comes to making chapati, the ingredients required are simple yet essential. You will need:

  1. Whole wheat flour – This provides the base for the chapati dough and is rich in fiber and nutrients.
  2. Ghee or oil – Adding a small amount of ghee or oil to the dough not only enhances the flavor but also aids in rolling and cooking the chapatis.
  3. Water – Water is used to knead the dough to the right consistency, ensuring soft and pliable chapatis.
  4. Optional: Salt – A pinch of salt can be added for flavor, but it is not necessary.

With these simple ingredients, you can create homemade chapatis that are both delicious and nutritious!

Chapati Recipe Ingredients:

Whole wheat flour2 cups
Ghee or oil2 tablespoons
Water¾ to 1 cup
Optional: SaltA pinch

Now that you have gathered all the necessary ingredients, you are ready to proceed to the next steps of the chapati-making process.

Step-by-Step Instructions for Making Chapati

Learn how to make delicious chapatis at home with this easy-to-follow recipe. Follow these simple steps to master the art of chapati making:

  1. In a large bowl, mix together 2 cups of whole wheat flour, 2 tablespoons of ghee or oil, and water. Gradually add water, a little at a time, until the mixture forms a soft dough.
  2. Knead the dough on a lightly floured surface for about 5 minutes, or until it becomes smooth and elastic.
  3. Once the dough is smooth, cover it with a clean cloth and let it rest for 30 minutes. This allows the gluten in the dough to relax and makes the chapatis tender.
  4. After the dough has rested, divide it into small, equal-sized portions. Roll each portion into a ball and flatten it with your hands.
  5. Dust your work surface with flour and use a rolling pin to roll out each portion into thin, round discs. Aim for a diameter of about 6-8 inches.
  6. Heat a tawa or griddle over medium-high heat. Once hot, place a rolled chapati onto the tawa and cook for about 30 seconds, or until you see bubbles forming on the surface.
  7. Flip the chapati and cook for another 30 seconds. Brush a little ghee or oil on the cooked side, then flip it again and cook until golden brown spots appear on both sides.
  8. Remove the cooked chapati from the tawa and stack it on a plate. Repeat the process with the remaining portions of dough.
  9. Serve the freshly cooked chapatis warm with your favorite curry or dish. Enjoy!

Follow these step-by-step instructions and savor the deliciousness of homemade chapatis. With a bit of practice, you’ll be able to perfect your chapati-making skills and impress your family and friends with this traditional Indian delicacy.

Tips for Perfect Chapati

Follow these tips to ensure you make the perfect chapati every time:

  1. Use hot water to soften the bran in the whole wheat flour.
  2. Knead the dough until it is soft and pliable.
  3. Rest the dough for at least 30 minutes to allow the gluten to relax.
  4. Roll the chapatis thinly and evenly, sprinkling flour as needed to prevent sticking.
  5. Cook the chapatis on a medium-high heat to prevent drying out.
  6. Smear ghee or oil on the chapatis for added flavor and softness.
  7. Keep the cooked chapatis covered to maintain their warmth and softness.

With these expert tips, you can create chapatis that are soft, fluffy, and a delight to enjoy with your favorite Indian dishes.


“The key to perfect chapatis lies in the techniques you employ during the cooking process. By following these tips, you can elevate your chapati-making game and savor the ultimate fluffy and soft delicacy.” – Chef Ananya

Different Variations of Chapati

While the traditional chapati is a simple round flatbread, there are variations that you can try to elevate your culinary experience. These variations add an extra dimension of texture and taste to your chapati.

1. Layered Chapati

Layered chapati, also known as flaky chapati, is similar to plain parathas. To create layered chapatis, the dough is rolled out into a thin circle, brushed with ghee or oil, and folded repeatedly to form multiple layers. When cooked, the layers separate, resulting in a flaky and light texture. Layered chapatis are often enjoyed with curries or pickles.

2. Triangle Chapati

Triangle chapatis are shaped differently from the traditional round chapatis. Instead of rolling out the dough into circles, you divide the dough into small portions and roll them into triangles. These triangular chapatis cook evenly and can be used to hold various fillings, making them ideal for wraps or sandwiches.

Remember, the shape and layering technique for chapatis can vary based on regional preferences or family traditions. Don’t hesitate to explore these variations and discover new flavors and textures.

Layered ChapatiChapati with multiple layers achieved by folding and rolling the dough.
Triangle ChapatiChapati shaped as triangles instead of the traditional round shape.

Serving Suggestions for Chapati

Chapati is a versatile bread that can be enjoyed with a wide range of dishes. It pairs well with various curries, dals, and stews. The soft and pliable texture of chapati makes it ideal for scooping up flavorful gravies and sauces. Experiment with different fillings and accompaniments to create your own unique combinations.

Curry Accompaniments

Chapati is the perfect accompaniment to a spicy and aromatic curry. The mild and neutral flavor of chapati complements the rich and bold flavors of curries. Whether it’s a creamy butter chicken, a tangy tikka masala, or a comforting dal makhani, chapati provides the perfect base to sop up all the delicious flavors.

Chapati Wraps and Rolls

Take your chapati to the next level by using it as a wrap or roll. Fill it with your favorite ingredients like grilled vegetables, shredded chicken, paneer tikka, or falafel. Add some fresh greens, a drizzle of sauce, and roll it up for a satisfying and portable meal. Chapati wraps are perfect for picnics, lunchboxes, or even as a quick and easy dinner option.

Chapati Quesadillas

Give a fusion twist to your chapati by turning it into a quesadilla. Layer cheese, vegetables, and your choice of protein between two chapatis and cook until the cheese is melted and the chapati is crispy. Serve it with salsa, guacamole, or sour cream for a delectable blend of Indian and Mexican flavors.

Kothu Roti

If you have leftover chapatis, transform them into a mouthwatering dish called kothu roti. Tear the chapatis into small pieces and sauté them with onions, tomatoes, and a medley of spices. Add in some cooked meat or vegetables and stir-fry until everything is well combined. The result is a flavorful and satisfying street food-inspired dish.

Chapati Noodles

Yes, you read that right! You can even make noodles using chapati. Thinly slice the chapatis into strips resembling noodles. Stir-fry them with your favorite vegetables, sauces, and seasonings for a unique and tasty twist on traditional noodles. Serve it as a main course or as a side dish alongside your favorite curry.

Get creative and experiment with different fillings and accompaniments to elevate your chapati experience. From traditional curries to fusion delights, chapati is a versatile bread that you can enjoy in countless ways.

Health Benefits of Chapati

Chapati made with whole wheat flour is a healthier alternative to refined white flour bread. Whole wheat flour retains the bran and germ of the wheat, providing more fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Chapati is also low in fat and cholesterol-free, making it a nutritious choice for a balanced diet. It is a good source of complex carbohydrates and provides sustained energy. Incorporating chapati into your meals can contribute to a well-rounded and wholesome diet.

Key NutrientsAmount per Serving
Fiber3 grams
Protein4 grams
Iron8% of the daily value
Calcium2% of the daily value
Vitamin B66% of the daily value

The high fiber content of chapati aids in digestion and helps regulate blood sugar levels. It also promotes a feeling of fullness, making it beneficial for weight management. Additionally, whole wheat flour contains antioxidants that can help protect against chronic diseases.

“Incorporating whole wheat bread like chapati in your diet can improve your overall nutritional intake and support a healthy lifestyle.” – Dr. Sarah Patel, Registered Dietitian

  1. Chapati is rich in dietary fiber, which aids in digestion and promotes bowel regularity.
  2. It is a good source of energy due to its complex carbohydrates, making it suitable for athletes and active individuals.
  3. Chapati contains essential minerals like iron and calcium, which are important for maintaining healthy bones and preventing anemia.
  4. The low fat content of chapati makes it heart-healthy and suitable for those looking to maintain a healthy weight.
  5. Whole wheat flour used in chapati is less processed and retains more nutrients compared to refined white flour.

By incorporating healthy chapati made from whole wheat flour into your diet, you can enjoy a tasty and nutritious meal that provides essential nutrients for your overall well-being.

FAQs About Chapati

As you embark on your chapati-making journey, you may encounter some questions along the way. Here are answers to a few common chapati FAQs:

1. How can I make my chapatis softer?

Making soft chapatis involves a few key tips:

  • Knead the dough until it is soft and pliable. This helps in achieving a lighter texture.
  • Rest the dough for at least 30 minutes to allow the gluten to relax. This makes the rolling process easier and results in softer chapatis.
  • Roll the chapatis thinly and evenly. Thicker chapatis tend to be denser, while thinner ones are lighter and fluffier.

2. Why are my chapatis not puffing up?

Puffing depends on various factors, including the consistency of the dough and the cooking technique:

  • Ensure that the dough is soft and pliable, as mentioned earlier. Stiff dough can hinder proper puffing.
  • Roll the chapatis evenly to achieve a consistent thickness. An uneven thickness can prevent even heating and puffing.
  • Cook the chapatis on a hot tawa or griddle. The heat is crucial for creating steam, which causes the chapatis to puff up.

3. Can I make chapatis without ghee or oil?

While ghee or oil adds flavor and aids in the cooking process, you can make chapatis without them. Simply omit the fats and cook the chapatis on a dry tawa or griddle. Keep in mind that they may not turn out as soft and flavorful as traditional chapatis.

4. How do I store chapatis?

To store chapatis and keep them soft, follow these steps:

  1. Allow the cooked chapatis to cool completely.
  2. Stack them neatly and place a clean kitchen towel in between each chapati to prevent sticking.
  3. Store the stacked chapatis in an airtight container or wrap them in aluminum foil.
  4. Keep the container in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight.

These tips should help answer some of your initial queries about making chapatis. Now, let’s move on to some more helpful information.

Can I use all-purpose flour instead of whole wheat flour?Yes, you can use all-purpose flour, but the texture and taste will be different from traditional chapatis.
Can I make chapati dough in advance?Yes, you can prepare the dough a few hours before cooking. Keep it covered and refrigerated until you’re ready to roll and cook the chapatis.
Why do my chapatis become hard after some time?If chapatis are not stored properly, they can become dry and hard. Follow the storage tips mentioned earlier to maintain their softness.
Can I freeze chapatis?Yes, you can freeze chapatis. Allow them to cool completely, stack them with a kitchen towel in between, and place them in a freezer-safe bag or container. When needed, thaw and reheat them on a tawa or microwave.


Making chapati at home is an enriching experience that allows you to savor the flavors of a traditional Indian recipe. With this homemade flatbread, you can recreate the authentic taste in the comfort of your own kitchen. By following the step-by-step instructions and incorporating the tips and tricks provided, you can achieve perfect chapatis every time.

The soft and flaky texture of the chapati, paired with its nutritional value, makes it an ideal choice for any meal. The homemade version allows you to control the quality of ingredients, ensuring a healthier alternative to store-bought bread. With its versatility, chapati can be served alongside a variety of dishes or used to create exciting wraps and rolls.

Get creative and explore different variations of chapati, such as layered or triangular shapes, to add an element of excitement to your meals. With endless serving suggestions and the ability to experiment with unique combinations, chapati is sure to become a staple in your culinary repertoire.


What is the difference between chapati and roti?

Chapati is a flatbread cooked with fats on a griddle and may or may not puff, while roti is a plain unleavened flatbread cooked without any fats and puffed.

What ingredients are needed for a chapati recipe?

Whole wheat flour, ghee or oil, and water are the main ingredients for making chapati.

What are the step-by-step instructions for making chapati?

To make chapati, mix whole wheat flour, ghee or oil, and water to form a soft dough. Knead the dough until smooth and let it rest. Divide the dough, roll out thin discs, and cook them on a griddle until lightly browned and cooked through.

What are some tips for making the perfect chapati?

Use hot water to soften the bran in the flour, knead the dough until soft and pliable, rest the dough for at least 30 minutes, roll the chapatis thinly and evenly, cook them on medium-high heat, smear ghee or oil, and keep them covered to maintain warmth and softness.

What are the different variations of chapati?

Some variations of chapati include layered chapatis similar to plain parathas and shaping the dough into triangles. The shape and layering technique may vary based on regional preferences or family traditions.

How should chapati be served?

Chapati can be served with various curries, dals, and stews. It can also be used to make wraps, rolls, quesadillas, kothu roti, or chapati noodles.

What are the health benefits of chapati?

Chapati made with whole wheat flour is a healthier alternative to refined white flour bread. It provides more fiber, vitamins, and minerals and is low in fat and cholesterol-free. It is also a good source of complex carbohydrates, providing sustained energy.

Do you have any tips for making chapati?

Yes, here are some tips for making chapati: Use hot water to soften the bran in the flour, knead the dough until soft and pliable, rest the dough for at least 30 minutes, roll the chapatis thinly and evenly, cook them on medium-high heat, smear ghee or oil, and keep them covered to maintain warmth and softness.

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